The Need for Standards in Human Microbiome Research

The human body harbors a series of diverse, dynamic microbial communities comprising bacteria, archaea, viruses, and eukaryotes. These communities, collectively termed the human microbiome, play a vital role in human health and disease, particularly with regard to physiology and development, immunomodulation, metabolic regulation, and protection against pathogenic strains. By understanding how the human microbiome develops and changes over time with respect to lifestyle and environmental changes or various disease states, and how this in turn affects individual biology, we are offered a powerful tool for personalized healthcare and precision medicine.

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